Organizacje pozarządowe mają prawo angażować się w działania ekonomiczne i generować własne przychody, by uniknąć pogłębiającego się uzależnienia od środków publicznych oraz filantropii.
Terms & definitions
Social Co-operatives (Spółdzielnie Socjalne) – The objective of a social cooperative is to carry out a joint venture based on the personal needs of its members. Social co-ops serve to socially and vocationally reintegrate its members. These co-ops are formed and run by individuals with societal disadvantages, such as homelessness, unemployment, illness, or poverty. The grouping of members is based on common necessity, which does not always mean that it consists of only individuals with one specific disability. The initiative to form can also be created by local government organizations, NGOs, or religious agencies. If that is the case, these organizations will try to limit their influence on the group and lead them to function independently.
Occupational Therapy Workshops (Warsztaty Terapii Zajęciowej) – A separate legal and financial entity formed by either a local government or non-government organization which helps individuals that have difficulty joining the workforce because of a handicap. The workshops take on different ways for the individual to regain vocational skills that are needed to function in the workforce. This rehabilitation is aimed to help them speed up the period of developing new skills and rebuilding old ones, so that they can find desirable work as soon as possible.
Vocational Rehabilitation Facility (Zakład Aktywności Zawodowej) – A facility which offers employment opportunities for the handicapped. In a qualifying facility, at least 70% of the workers will be handicapped. The intend is for these jobs to be temporary and occur during the time that the individual is going through social and vocational rehabilitation. The duration of such a period varies based upon the disability at hand. The facility can be run by either a local government or non-government organization whose primary function and focus is social and vocational rehabilitation for the handicapped. The idea of forming such facilities comes from the law set forth on the 27th of August 1997 regarding vocational rehabilitation and employment for the handicapped.
Social Integration Center (Centrum Integracji Społecznej) – A center created through either local government or NGO initiative aimed to aid people on the margins of society by reintegrating them into society, socially and vocationally. These include, but is not limited to, people who are impoverished, unemployed, homeless, or ill. The center plans to do this by offering workshops and shops aimed at helping members develop vocational skills, gain qualifications for certain vocations, and simply expand their social interaction in order to develop social skills. The programs usually have an extensive curriculum and can last up to 11 months. Despite this length the status of the participant does not change, as he or she will still be registered as long-term unemployed or seeking work. The CIS, at it is often referred to, is not a separate legal identity. Rather, it serves under control of an assigned NGO or local government branch, which ever one was selected to lead the initiative in the specific area.
Social Integration Club (Klub Integracji Społecznej) – An entity created to provide individuals and their families the chance to rebuild and improve their social and vocational skills in order to help them better function as part of society. The club aims to bring together and integrate people of similar social disadvantages. This gives them the ability to organize into groups, take on group initiatives, such as forming cooperatives. In doing so they can form a path to integrate with society and find work. KIS, as it is known, is run by either local government organizations or NGOs.
Mutual Insurance Society (Towarzystwo Ubezpieczeń Wzajemnych) – An insurance co-op that seeks to benefit its members by offering discounted insurance coverage. This is able to be offered because the co-op is not profit driven. The fees members are charged are just enough to break the bottom line and cover the benefits paid out, as well as the operating cost.
Non-Profit Company (Spółka Non-profit) – A limited liability company which is not profit driven is considered a non-profit company. In such a company all income gained from any type of activity is not distributed among shareholders and workers. Rather it is dedicated towards social purposes. A non-profit company has more leeway than a vocational rehabilitation facility, as a non-profit company has the free hand to invest its profit into its own growth and development, as in the end this increases their social entrepreneurial ability. The term non-profit company is not legally binding. The individual company sets worth a mission statement which includes social objectives. There is no set requirement as to how a non-profit company should distribute their income, as it is understood that it will go towards meeting social goals.
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